In October 2022, a United Surveys poll for Dziennik Gazeta Prawna and RMF24 found that a narrow majority of Poles, 52%, believe that the new abortion rules, which went into force in January 2021, have made people less likely to have children. A December 2021 poll by Ipsos for OKO.press asked people why women in Poland may not want to have children. It found that the most common responses were that women were worried about work (40%) and that they cannot financially afford having children (39%). The figures come after the introduction in 2021 of a near-total ban on abortion that many believe has made women less likely to want to get pregnant. Recent years have also seen a continual decline in Poland’s fertility rate, despite efforts by the government to boost the number of births. But the birthrate is again declining and Kaczynski admitted last month the program isn’t working as intended. The birthrate stood at 1.32 children per woman in 2021, according to Polish state statistics.
“I am really a sincere supporter of women’s equality, but I am not a supporter of women pretending to be men, and men pretending to be women,” Kaczynski said. Young women in particular have increasingly been flocking to defense-related activities, such as Rifleman Associations or volunteer-defense programs in schools. Since 2000, the annual Bilan social volume has been analysing the state of play of social policy in the more on polish women more on https://absolute-woman.com/european-women/polish-women/ European Union during the preceding year, the better to forecast developments in the new one. Co-produced by the European Social Observatory and the European Trade Union Institute , the new edition is no exception. In the context of multiple crises, the authors find that social policies gained in ambition in 2022. At the same time, the new EU economic framework, expected for 2023, should be made compatible with achieving the EU’s social and ‘green’ objectives.
We investigated the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of Polish women with lipedema, their quality of life and its factors. Women’s rights organizations and parliament members of the opposition Lewica party are collecting signatures for a civic initiative bill, “Legal Abortion Without Compromise,” which would permit abortion without restriction as to reason up to the twelfth week of pregnancy. It would permit abortion after 12 weeks in cases of risk to the person’s mental or physical health, a non-viable pregnancy, or pregnancy resulting from rape or incest.
- Against the background of the European Commission’s reform plans for the Stability and Growth Pact , this policy brief uses the macroeconometric multi-country model NiGEM to simulate the macroeconomic implications of the most relevant reform options from 2024 onwards.
- So far, the government’s radical platform has not however led to a backlash against women in defense.
- Nowhere has this been more apparent than in citizens’ volunteer engagement in defence.
- The European Commission said it “will not hesitate to make use of its powers” under EU treaties to ensure application of EU law and protect people’s rights.
The outside of the hospital, where around 20 Polish women travel each week for abortions. Daniel Tilles is editor-in-chief ofNotes from Polandand assistant professor of history at the Pedagogical University of Krakow.
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Just as in the U.S., the battle in Poland over abortion “is a huge ideological war between a democratic side and https://www.exacr.com/2023/01/26/european-women-in-space/ a fundamentalist side that wants to keep the patriarchy in place, that resents the advances women have made,” Kacpura said. The Polish government is aware that is happening, the members said, but it often turns a blind eye, because there is a shortage of doctors, and it fears a backlash from women both at home and around the world.
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Anti-abortion demonstrators often use graphic imagery in their call for a total ban on abortions. In February 2017, they picketed in front of a library in Wroclaw, Poland, where activists had gathered to lecture women about pharmacological abortion options. Kaczyński’s national-conservative Law and Justice party has made raising fertility rates in Poland’s rapidly ageing society one of its flagship goals, introducing a number of social programmes designed to financially support families.
The exact number of illegal abortions performed is unknown, but reproductive health organizations estimate the figure is between 10 to 100 times higher. The procedure was legalized in 1956, due in part to arguments that unsafe abortions were contributing to high maternal mortality rates. Abortion became widely available in public hospitals and private clinics and was subsidized by the government if performed at a government institution. However, in November, Jarosław Kaczyński – chairman of the ruling party – blamed Poland’s low fertility rate on excessive consumption of alcohol by young women. This state of affairs created pertinent gender gaps in defense-related knowledge and skills in Polish society. In 2014 the Public Opinion Research Centre reported that only 6 percent of women recalled undergoing military training and 22 percent training in civil defense . Since coming to power in 2015, the PiS has granted more support to defence-related activities, while funnelling them into state-led channels such as its flagship project—the Territorial Defence Forces, formed in 2016.
“Restrictive abortion laws such as Poland’s are contrary to international and European human rights standards and public health guidelines. Our organizations’ interventions seek to highlight critical human rights aspects of such restrictive laws, and we are proud to support efforts to hold Poland accountable for these ongoing human rights violations” said the organizations.
In Poland, abortion is only permitted in situations of risk to the life or health of a pregnant woman, or if a pregnancy results from rape. In practice, however, it is almost impossible for those eligible for a legal abortion to obtain one.
Preparation of this manuscript was supported by subsidies from MNiSW, decision number WP/2018/A/05 . The funders had no role in the design of the study, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Kacpura’s advice to U.S. women is to hit the streets and “stay there for as long as you can while you find ways to support each other in the face of reproductive injustice.” One thing people did in Poland when their reproductive rights came under fire was to mobilize the masses. “If Roe is abolished, many American women will have to do what Polish women are already doing to get safe abortions,” Ala-Siurua said.
Several women’s rights defenders were detained or face what they describe as politically motivatedcriminal charges for actions during protests following http://bldcwithpic.xyz/2023/01/23/asian-melodies-reviews-upd-legit-or-scam/ the Constitutional Tribunal’s abortion ruling. Activists received multiple bomb and death threats in February and March for their support of reproductive rights but said that, in many cases, police minimized the security risks and either did not open investigations or failed to pursue them effectively. Police launched investigations and arrested one man in connection with online death threats to Lempart ahead of her planned appearance at a protest on October 11, and are now providing her protection at public events. Together with Malta, it is one of only two European Union Member States that has not legalized abortion on request or broad social grounds.